This is How the Indigenous People of Tigo Luhah Kemantan Manage Forests

PUBLISHED,- Breathing fresh air in the forest which is included in the Kerinci Seblat National Park Area, it feels so good. This refreshing air is very different when compared to the unhealthy air of the capital and its buffer zones. Every particle of air that is inhaled seems to revive the work of brain cells that were blocked.

The freshness of the air in the Kerinci Mountains Region cannot be separated from how humans live around it to preserve nature. Diving into the Kerinci Mountains Region made us encounter various interesting things, one of which was the Tigo Luhah Kemantan Customary Forest.

Tigo Luhah Kemantan Customary Forest (HATLK) is one of the customary forests located in East Air Warm District, Kab. Kerinci with conditions that are still very beautiful. HATLK was first inaugurated directly by the minister of environment and forestry Siti Nurbaya Bakar in 2016 by issuing Decree of the Minister of Environment and Forestry of the Republic of Indonesia No. SK. 6740/Menlhk-Pskl/Kum.1/12/2016 Regarding the determination of the inclusion of Tigo Luhah Kemantan Traditional Forest covering an area of ± 452 hectares.

The HATLK area is within the territory of the indigenous peoples which makes this forest sovereignly manageable by the indigenous peoples. Local indigenous peoples have their own way of managing forests, some of which are sourced from their local knowledge. The Indigenous Peoples of the Six Villages of Kemantan in managing HATLK by forming customary forest administrators cannot be separated from the important role of traditional institutions. The role of traditional institutions is very large to regulate and supervise the ongoing interaction of humans with their environment. Customary institutions that have the authority to regulate the utilization and management of the environment include the Depati, Pemangku, Ninik Mamak/Pateh/Rio, and Hulubalang, each of which has a different role and function.

Local knowledge regarding environmental management is represented by the Indigenous Peoples of the Six Villages of Kemantan in the form of customary law which contains regulations, if violated they will be subject to sanctions. There is also a system for dividing forest utilization zones, namely; the red zone is a conservation forest area, the green is a protected forest area and the yellow is a production forest area. All have an obligation to comply with existing regulations. They believe that everyone who violates the rules regarding HATLK, will be hit by “Jukat” (catastrophe). In order to avoid jukat, the person must be subject to applicable customary law.

Interestingly, the Indigenous People of the Six Villages of Kemantan have belief in the forbidden area which is called “Tapok Gagah” or interpreted as a place of dashing. Tapok dashing is a place where people are prohibited from doing activities or cultivating the land. In addition, there is the term “fila” which is believed by the community to be a tiger habitat area. This area is avoided by the community because the threat is believed to be the threat of wild animals. This local knowledge can indirectly protect the various kinds of flora and fauna that are there and contribute to maintaining the balance of the ecosystem. (LS)


Novianti, L. E., Hamzah, H., & Hariyadi, B. (2022). Kearifan lokal pengelolaan hutan adat oleh masyarakat adat Tigo Luhah Kemantan Kabupaten Kerinci. Jurnal Ilmiah Universitas Batanghari Jambi22(1), 261-265.