Flashback to the Eruption of Mount Sinabung

PUBLISHED

Disasterchannel.co,- Mount Sinabung is an active volcano located in the Karo district, North Sumatra. It was recorded that the mountain last erupted on January 3, 2021, and emitted volcanic ash as far as 1,000 meters. Indeed, in the course of the last six years, Mount Sinabung has regularly erupted, thus making the surrounding community vigilant.

This is the beginning of the author to investigate more, to find out the eruption activity of Mount Sinabung. Besides that, by looking at the history of the eruption of Mount Sinabung, of course we will also see how the impact of the eruption on the lives of local residents.

According to the USGS (United States Geological Survey) Mount Sinabung erupted in 1881 AD. After the eruption, Mount Sinabung’s activity did not stop, because there were still Furmarolic activities, namely releasing steam until 1912. This shows that Mount Sinabung is a very large mountain. active at the time. Unfortunately the authors did not find any records regarding the effects of the eruption of Mount Sinabung in 1881 AD.

After a long absence of significant natural activity, Mount Sinabung itself, on its way back, emitted volcanic ash smoke on August 27 2010, and the next day, August 28 2010, at 23:30 WIB the mountain spewed hot lava. As a result of this incident many people who lived on the slopes of Mount Sinabung were displaced, at least according to BNPB records there were 20,000 people affected by the natural disaster.

From the events above, we can see that the potential for natural disasters in the form of volcanic eruptions is a real thing for the people of Indonesia, because Mount Sinabung, which had been dormant for a long time, revived again in 2010. This is where monitoring agencies such as the Center for Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation (PVMBG) come in. very needed. PVMBG’s task of monitoring active volcanic activity in Indonesia is so important, especially monitoring active volcano activity such as Mount Sinabung which has erupted several times and as a result many have been displaced. With the existence of a monitoring agency for volcanoes in Indonesia such as the BMKG, people living in areas around active volcanoes can get information regarding the existing potential disaster conditions.

Author: Abdurrahman Heriza

Editor: Lien Sururoh

Source:

PT VIVA MEDIA BARU- VIVA, “Awal Tahun 2021, Gunung Sinabung Kembali Erupsi,” last modified January 3, 2021, accessed April 19, 2023, https://www.viva.co.id/berita/nasional/1336401-awal-tahun-2021-gunung-sinabung-kembali-erupsi.

 “Volcano Watch — How Much Warning Should We Expect before Big Eruptions? | U.S. Geological Survey,” accessed April 26, 2023, https://www.usgs.gov/observatories/hvo/news/volcano-watch-how-much-warning-should-we-expect-big-eruptions.

https://www.usgs.gov/observatories/hvo/news/volcano-watch-how-much-warning-should-we-expect-big-eruptions.

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“Letusan Sinabung terbesar,” BBC News Indonesia, last modified September 3, 2010, accessed April 26, 2023, https://www.bbc.com/indonesia/berita_indonesia/2010/09/100903_sinabungupdate.

Photo: tribunnewswiki.com