Learning from Nearby Disasters: The Eruption of Mount Merapi and the 2006 Yogyakarta Earthquake

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Disasterchannel.co,- On 14 to 15 June 2006, a raging plume from Mount Merapi in the Yogyakarta area reached a height of 900 meters above the summit. As a result of this natural phenomenon, at least the city of Yogyakarta and its surroundings are covered by volcanic ash. Then on June 15, pyroclastic flows flowed into the Gendol River. Plus there were two victims who were volunteers who were evacuating residents.

Previously on May 28, 2006, Yogyakarta also experienced a great disaster in the form of an earthquake. So actually in 2006 was a year of mourning for the community. Yogyakarta and also the people of Indonesia because the two disasters came and caused material and non-material losses in the same year.

From the eruption of Mount Merapi and the Yogyakarta earthquake in the same year and having months that are close together, it shows that Indonesia is an area that is very prone to disasters. Imagine that in the same year Indonesia had to experience a very detrimental disaster.

This certainly shows that it is true that Indonesia is a disaster-prone area. Apart from that, Indonesia’s geographic location, in theory, is indeed a ring of fire area which is full of natural phenomena that can affect people’s lives.

By looking at the events of the two disasters in the Yogyakarta area which are close together, of course there are three student points that we can take.

The first point is that the theory of Indonesia as a disaster-prone area is not just a figment of the imagination, and the events in the Yogyakarta area are proof of that. Therefore, every Indonesian must certainly study the potential disasters that exist in their area. Because this will affect the community’s interest in increasing their capacity.

The second point is the need for community capacity building through training in villages and cities. This of course aims to increase the capacity of people who live in areas of high disaster threat intensively, by providing knowledge and also training in dealing with disasters. In addition, the government and NGOs also need to make disaster contingency plans for disaster events.

The last point is that the government, especially the ministry of education, must make a disaster curriculum for students. This is very important because increasing the capacity of the community through education is a very effective way to increase public knowledge about the threat of disasters that surround them.

Author: Abdurrahman Heriza

Editor: Lien Sururoh

Photo: rbtv.disway.id

Source:

 “Global Volcanism Program | Report on Merapi (Indonesia) — 14 June-20 June 2006,” accessed June 27, 2023, https://volcano.si.edu/ShowReport.cfm?doi=10.5479/si.GVP.WVAR20060614-263250.

 Jauh Hari Wawan S, “Sulitnya Evakuasi Korban Erupsi Merapi di Bunker: Suhu 300 Derajat-Sepatu Leleh,” detikjateng, accessed June 27, 2023, https://www.detik.com/jateng/jogja/d-6620596/sulitnya-evakuasi-korban-erupsi-merapi-di-bunker-suhu-300-derajat-sepatu-leleh.

 Kompas Cyber Media, “Hari Ini dalam Sejarah: Mengenang 16 Tahun Gempa Yogyakarta 27 Mei 2006 Halaman all,” KOMPAS.com, May 27, 2022, https://www.kompas.com/tren/read/2022/05/27/073358965/hari-ini-dalam-sejarah-mengenang-16-tahun-gempa-yogyakarta-27-mei-2006.