Disasterchannel.co,- Hallo Sahabat DC, do you know what is called the Sendai Framework?
The Sendai Framework is a reference for various individuals, groups as well as state or other institutions in carrying out disaster risk reduction programs or actions globally.
Reporting from the www.undrr.org page, explained the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 (Sendai Framework) is the first major agreement of the post-2015 development agenda and provides Member States with concrete actions to protect development outcomes from disaster risks.
This framework was created to advocate for the substantial reduction of disaster risk and the loss in life, livelihoods and health and the economic, physical, social, cultural and environmental assets of people, businesses, communities and countries.
The Sendai Framework exists as a successor instrument to the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) 2005-2015: Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters. this framework is the result of stakeholder consultations initiated in March 2012 and intergovernmental negotiations held from July 2014 to March 2015, supported by the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR) at the request of the UN General Assembly.
Within the Sendai Framework, there are several indicators developed to measure progress and determine global trends in risk and loss reduction efforts. There are four priority actions as follows:
1. Understand disaster risk
Disaster risk management should be based on an understanding of disaster risk in all dimensions of vulnerability, capacity, exposure of people and assets, hazard characteristics and the environment. This knowledge can be used for risk assessment, prevention, mitigation, preparedness and response.
2. Strengthening disaster risk governance to manage disaster risk
Disaster risk management at the national, regional and global levels is essential for prevention, mitigation, preparedness, response, recovery and rehabilitation. It fosters collaboration and partnership.
3. Invest in disaster risk reduction for resilience
Public and private investment in disaster risk reduction and prevention through structural and non-structural measures is essential to enhance the economic, social, health and cultural resilience of people, communities, countries and their assets, as well as the environment.
4. Enhance disaster preparedness for effective response and to “Build Back Better” in recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction
Increased disaster risk means there is a need to strengthen disaster response preparedness, take action to anticipate events, and ensure the capacity for effective response and recovery is in place at all levels. The recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction phases are important opportunities to build back better, including through the integration of disaster risk reduction into development measures.
Over time, the Sendai Framework continues to be implemented and implemented throughout the world. In order to see how the Sendai framework is working, the UN General Assembly decided to conduct a mid-term review of the implementation of the Sendai Framework in 2023. It aims to assess progress on the integration of disaster risk reduction (DRR) into policies, programs and investments at all levels, identify good practices, gaps and challenges and accelerating the path to achieving the goals of the Sendai Framework and its seven global targets by 2030.
The UN has published “The Report of the Midterm Review of the Implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030”.
In this we can see the extent of the achievements of each region and the achievements of the world for disaster risk reduction. It is a pity that the implementation of the Sendai framework has not yet reached its target. After eight years of running, the midterm review’s conclusion says we are not where we should be, not least because we are slowly facing the real threat of climate change.
As on the target of reducing deaths from global disasters substantially. The results of the review stated that the average annual disaster-related deaths from 2015–2021 was 40,797 people per year. As of March 2022, the average annual number of deaths and missing persons in disaster events per 100,000 people has decreased from 1.77 in the 2005–2014 decade to 0.82 in the 2012–2021 decade.
Not much different, the target of reducing the number of people affected by disasters globally has not been reduced to its full potential. The average number of people affected by disasters each year, both those who are sick and injured as well as those affected by damage to their homes and disrupted livelihoods, during 2015-2021 is 150,214,597 people per year. While the number of affected people per 100,000 people has decreased progressively since the establishment of the Sendai Framework, compared to the 2005–2014 base decade, the number has increased from 1,147 to 2,066 in the 2012–2021 decade.
The challenges are increasing day by day, the population continues to grow which has consequences for the destruction of nature and climate change. Disaster risk reduction efforts must continue to evolve to be able to implement the Sendai framework. If the world already has a disaster risk reduction framework, it seems that we individually also need to think about and have achievements in efforts to reduce disaster risk in our lives. (LS)