Indonesia quake hit back and cause casualties and losses are not small. This time, after earlier hit Aceh in 2004 already affected a large earthquake and tsunami. According to a geologist seminar in Jakarta in 2014, there were 80 active faults in Indonesia. That means there are 80 areas prone to earthquake in Indonesia. When will the next earthquake, and where? Geologists could not give an accurate prediction about it.
Society for Scale and IAGI last August already held a workshop about the expedition Palu-Koro. This expedition to expose the beauty, natural and cultural resources behind the potential of the earthquake and tsunami in the region of Central Sulawesi. This workshop was also supported by the National Platform and DisasterChannel.co. The results of this workshop was written in 2 posts in News IAGI by Anif Punto Utomo, editor in chief of News IAGI. DisasterChannel post 2 posts it here given the importance of the contents of the article.
Revealing Sulawesi From Diverse Sides
Indonesia could be said storehouse fault. Almost every region or island there is always a cesarean. But of note are recorded, there are two fairly large fault for crossing the island, namely fault Semangko (in Sumatra) and cesarean Koro Palu (Sulawesi).
Fault Semangko so far already widely known, for some time gives birth earthquake that claimed many victims. While Palu Koro fault is actually a couple of times also cause earthquakes, magnitude is even more powerful, less well known.
” There is still very little documentation and research results about Palu Koro, even if there is still scientific really. That is why we then have an idea for an expedition Palu Koro, ” said Trinirmalaningrum, director of Scale, a group engaged in the research and campaign for disaster reduction and sustainable development.
Trinirmalaningrum more familiarly called Rini was admitted, first heard Palu Koro fault when discussions about the disaster at BPPT. Some experts who talk in there mentioned that Indonesia is a country under siege faults, two of which many so-called experts the world is Semangko and Palu Koro.
Incidentally, Rini has conducted research in Lore Rindu, conservation areas traversed Palu Koro fault, so the curiosity and interest increases. Be then came the idea for an expedition Palu Koro, an expedition covering several aspects, geology, archeology, sociology, culture, and biology.
Geology is promoted because the parent of the phenomenon of archeology, sociology, culture, and biology in Sulawesi are due to geological events, including those that make up the fault Palu Koro. That’s why Rini then contact IAGI to encourage cooperation. , ” IAGI was the one who really understood about Palu Koro fault, ” he said.
IAGI responded positively to the invitation. Some members of IAGI already published papers and theses on Palu Koro fault, but it is still important to do more comprehensive research. ” We will be ready to contribute to the expedition, ” said Chairman IAGI Sukmandaru Prihatmoko.
In terms of IAGI, ekspidisi will enrich the science of geology Sulawesi latter continue drawing attention because of its unique geology in Sulawesi. There are at least four aspects which concern IAGI on this expedition that is tectonic, disaster mitigation, and coal resources, and Geotourism.
Tectonics is important because it will explain how the process following the occurrence of the fault behavior to date. Disaster mitigation associated with the disaster caused by the fault, especially earthquakes. Natural resources such as mineral and coal are also mostly found in the area surrounding the fault Palu Koro. In terms of traveling, a lot of areas that have the potential Geotourism.
The initial step to heat the expedition is holding a workshop that presents speakers from various disciplines who understand Palu Koro. The results of the workshop will be a provision for a team of researchers who would jump on the field later.
Deputy Prevention and Preparedness BNPB Wisnu Wijaya in the opening of the workshop said that the area seputaran Palu Koro is a disaster-prone areas. Therefore the expedition will need as well as disseminating about disaster mitigation is now a national priority. In addition to the need to also learn of local wisdom in the face of disaster.
Next in the workshop, speakers from geology to bring Danny Hilman and Mudrik Daryono (both geologists from LIPI), Ade Kadarusman (geological consultant), and Heryadi Rachmat (Society Geotourism Indonesia). Then from sociological studies Arianto Sangaji invited resource persons from York University, Toronto Canada. Recently Kompas journalist who has written about the expedition Ring of Fire, Ahmad Arif.
Danny Hilman much about tectonic causes the formation of the island of Sulawesi. Also reminded of the potential earthquake with thousands of dots showing earthquakes in Sulawesi and surrounding areas that occurred in the last few years. Mudrik who obtained his doctorate in Sulawesi thanks to its research emphasis on the number of active faults around Palu Koro fault.
Ade Kadarusman who had worked at Inco (now Vale) in Palu Koro fault seputaran reveal much about the uniqueness of the rocks and the natural resources that exist in the area in the form of the mineral. Then Heriyadi Rachmat little mention of the potential Geotourism in the following kawasn how to make that potential into regional areas geopark.
Arianto Sangaji experienced interact with people of the region, presented the background of Sulawesi community based sociology. He said communities in Sulawesi today is not the indigenous people who live in its territory, but those actively engaged and influenced changes in the national and world level.
While Ahmad Arif were on an expedition in the ring of fire, including Sulawesi, Sulawesi explained the uniqueness of living creatures both flora and fauna. Some animals and plants in Sulawesi are not available in other regions in Indonesia. He called it, as that term is already plural is used, biogeography.
The workshop, which took place a day is sufficient provide more complete picture of Palu Koro, both in terms of geology and related nongeologi. The next step is to develop a team of researchers who will go into the field. Planned field research will depart late 2016 @ Anif Punto Utomo