Delapan Puluh Sesar Aktif Mengancam Indonesia

Setidaknya ada 5 lempeng tektonik berada di wilayah Indonesia. Tumbukan atau pergesekan lempeng-lempeng tektonik itu tidak tanggung-tanggung menghasilkan 80 sesar aktif. Itu artinya kapan saja dan di mana saja (di atas wilayah sesar) bisa terjadi gempa dan jika terjadi di bawah laut ia bisa menimbulkan tsunami.

Para ahli pernah menyampaikan di sebuah seminar di tahun 2014 lalu, bahwa kita perlu mengenali ancaman yang unik di setiap daerah, serta mengadopsi kearifan lokal. Bersamaan dengan itu perlu juga melakukan penguatan kapasitas dan sinergi stakeholders.

Pakar tsunami Badan Pengkajian dan Penerapan Teknologi Widjo Kongko dalam seminar nasional Jaya Giri Jaya Bahari 2014 lalu di Bentara Budaya Jakarta mengatakan Indonesia merupakan daerah gempa bumi dan tsunami pada masa lalu, kini dan yang akan datang. Masih banyak kejadian bencana dan peninggalannya yang belum digali dan diteliti.

Lebih lanjut ia mengatakan: “Untuk mitigasi perlu mengenali karakteristik ancaman bencana yang unik di setiap daerah, adopsi kearifan lokal, penguatan kapasitas dan sinergisitas stakeholders.” Menurutnya Indonesia masih akan dilingkupi bencana selama pergerakan lempeng di Indonesia masih terjadi. Sehingga konsep mitigasi harus bersifat lokal dan unik. Setiap ancaman bencana gunung api dan tsunami tidak sama untuk setiap daerah.

Geolog dan arkeolog yang berkumpul antara lain Kepala Badan Geologi, Surono, peneliti di Museum Geologi, Indyo Pratomo, geolog dari Badan Pengkajian dan Penerapan Teknologi (BPPT), Widjo Kongko, dan arkeolog Harry Truman Simanjuntak.

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